U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

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Traditional Healing

Indian Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

The Indian Health Service (IHS), an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services, is responsible for providing federal health services to American Indians and Alaska Natives. The provision of health services to members of federally-recognized tribes grew out of the special government-to-government relationship between the federal government and Indian tribes. This relationship, established in 1787, is based on Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution, and has been given form and substance by numerous treaties, laws, Supreme Court decisions, and Executive Orders. The IHS is the principal federal health care provider and health advocate for Indian people, and its goal is to raise their health status to the highest possible level. The IHS provides a comprehensive health service delivery system for approximately 2 million American Indians and Alaska Natives who belong to 566 federally recognized tribes in 35 states. Health services provided include medical, dental, and environmental health programs. Special program concentrations are in disease prevention and health promotion, alcoholism, substance abuse, suicide, accidents, maternal and child health, nutrition, and public health services.

Review Date: October 17, 2011

List reviewed web resources

Native American Cancer Research

Native American Cancer Research (NACR) is dedicated to helping improve the lives of Native American cancer patients and survivors. NACR seeks to reduce Native American cancer incidence and mortality, and to increase survival from cancer among Native Americans. Projects and studies are primarily supported by federal agencies (e.g., the National Institutes of Health) and national organizations (e.g., the National Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation).

Review Date: April 21, 2011

List reviewed web resources

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