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Dietary Supplements

Calcium: Shopping List

Use this list to shop for calcium-rich food to help build strong bones and prevent bone loss.

Review Date: December 17, 2014

National Health Information Center - NHIC
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Get Enough Folic Acid

Folic acid can prevent birth defects of the baby’s brain or spine if a woman takes it before and during pregnancy.

Review Date: December 17, 2014

National Health Information Center - NHIC
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Frequently Asked Questions: Dietary Supplements

Find questions and answers about dietary supplements, including information related to use and safety, purchasing, and regulation.

Review Date: January 30, 2013

NIH Office of Dietary Supplements - ODS

6 Tip-offs to Rip-offs: Don't Fall for Health Fraud Scams

Health fraud scams can do more than waste your money. They can cause serious injury or even death. Follow these simple tips to protect yourself against fraudulent health products.

Review Date: March 04, 2013

U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Beware of Fraudulent Dietary Supplements

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has found nearly 300 fraudulent products—promoted mainly for weight loss, sexual enhancement, and bodybuilding—that contain hidden or deceptively labeled ingredients. These fraudulent products can cause serious injury or even death.

Review Date: December 18, 2012

U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Botanical Dietary Supplements: Background Information

A botanical is a plant valued for its medicinal or therapeutic properties, flavor, and/or scent. Learn about herbal products, including dietary supplements, used to maintain or improve health.

Review Date: October 30, 2014

NIH Office of Dietary Supplements - ODS

Calcium: Quick Facts

Calcium is a mineral found in many foods. The body needs calcium to maintain strong bones and to carry out many important functions. Learn how to get the right amount of calcium in your daily diet.

Review Date: October 30, 2014

NIH Office of Dietary Supplements - ODS

Coenzyme Q10

Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is produced by the human body and is necessary for the basic functioning of cells. Learn how CoQ10 has been used, recommended, or studied for numerous conditions.

Review Date: December 17, 2014

Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Dietary Supplement Fact Sheet: Carnitine

This site provides information on Carnitine, a dietary supplement, which is derived from an amino acid, found in nearly all cells of the body. Carnitine plays a critical role in energy production.

Review Date: October 31, 2014

NIH Office of Dietary Supplements - ODS

Dietary Supplement Fact Sheet: Iron

What foods provide iron? What affects iron absorption? Does pregnancy increase the need for iron? Read on to find the answers to these, and other, questions you have about iron.

Review Date: January 29, 2013

NIH Office of Dietary Supplements - ODS

Dietary Supplement Fact Sheets

Search this alphabetical list for information on dietary supplements.

Review Date: October 30, 2014

NIH Office of Dietary Supplements - ODS

Dietary Supplements

People over 50 need more of some vitamins and minerals than younger adults do. Your doctor or a dietitian can tell you whether you need to change your diet or take vitamins or minerals.

Review Date: January 29, 2013

NIH National Institute on Aging Information Center

DrugDigest

Learn about drugs, vitamins, and herbs, and how the drugs you take compare with others. Check interactions between two or more drugs and get detailed information regarding potentially harmful drug interactions.

Review Date: December 01, 2014

Commercial Entity--Follow the Resource URL for More Information

Energy Drinks– What You Need to Know!- (PDF)

If you are drinking something that advertises itself as an Energy Drink, you are probably helping yourself to a hefty dose of stimulants. Learn the difference between a sports/electrolyte drink and an "Energy" drink.

Review Date: January 30, 2013

United States Anti-Doping Agency

FDA: Dietary Supplements

Learn how to select and use dietary supplements safely. The FDA does not approve dietary supplements before they are sold, and can only take action against products that are not safe, or products that make false claims, after they are on the market. .

Review Date: January 30, 2013

FDA Office of Women’s Health

Folate: Fact Sheet for Consumers

Learn about dietary sources of folate, a water-soluble B vitamin that occurs naturally in food and helps produce and maintain cells. Folic acid is the synthetic form of folate that is found in supplements and added to fortified foods.

Review Date: October 14, 2014

NIH Office of Dietary Supplements - ODS

Health Information: Office of Dietary Supplements

Get reliable and science-based facts on dietary supplements from the Office of Dietary Supplements.

Review Date: October 30, 2014

NIH Office of Dietary Supplements - ODS

Herbal Products and Supplements: What You Should Know

This fact sheet discusses the safety of herbal products marketed as "natural" products, the possible side effects of herbal products and interactions with prescription medicines.

Review Date: January 30, 2013

American Academy of Family Physicians

Herbs and Supplements

Browse dietary supplements and herbal remedies to learn about their effectiveness, usual dosage, and drug interactions.

Review Date: January 29, 2013

NIH National Library of Medicine - NLM

Iodine: Quick Facts

Iodine is a mineral found in some foods. The body needs iodine to make thyroid hormones, which control the body's metabolism. Getting enough iodine is especially important for pregnant women and infants.

Review Date: December 01, 2014

NIH Office of Dietary Supplements - ODS

Multivitamin/Mineral Supplements

Multivitamin/mineral (MVM) supplements contain a combination of vitamins and minerals, and sometimes other ingredients as well. Find out the risks, benefits and side effects of taking multivitamin/mineral supplements.

Review Date: December 01, 2014

NIH Office of Dietary Supplements - ODS

My Dietary Supplements (MyDS) iPhone Application

Download this iPhone app to keep track of the vitamins, minerals, herbs, and other products you take.

Review Date: December 01, 2014

NIH Office of Dietary Supplements - ODS

Oral Probiotics

Probiotics are live microorganisms or "friendly bacteria" found in foods and dietary supplements that may help prevent diarrhea and other side effects from antibiotic use.

Review Date: January 15, 2013

NIH National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine Clearinghouse

Red Yeast Rice

Red yeast rice, a traditional Chinese culinary and medicinal product, is marketed in the U.S. as a dietary supplement to help lower blood cholesterol levels. However, some red yeast rice products may not be safe, and may contain a potentially harmful contaminant.

Review Date: January 30, 2013

NIH National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine Clearinghouse

Search Dietary Supplements on PubMed

Find research on dietary supplements, including vitamin, mineral, phytochemical, ergogenic, botanical, and herbal supplements in human nutrition and animal models. Learn about clinical trials, health and adverse effects, chinese medicine, and more.

Review Date: January 29, 2013

NIH Office of Dietary Supplements - ODS

Time to Talk About Dietary Supplements: 5 Things Consumers Need to Know

If you are thinking about or are using a dietary supplement, here are five points to consider.

Review Date: January 29, 2013

NIH National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine - NCCAM

Using Dietary Supplements Wisely

How do you find out whether "what's in the bottle" is safe to take and whether science has proven that the product does what it claims? This fact sheet provides some answers.

Review Date: January 29, 2013

NIH National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine Clearinghouse

Vitamin B12: Fact Sheet for Consumers

Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin that is naturally present in some foods, added to others, and available as a dietary supplement and a prescription medication. Find out what foods contain B12, and why this vitamin is vital to maintaining good health.

Review Date: October 14, 2014

NIH Office of Dietary Supplements - ODS

Vitamin B6: Fact Sheet for Consumers

Vitamin B6 is a vitamin that is naturally present in many foods, including poultry, fish and potatoes. Vitamin B6 is also involved in brain development during pregnancy and infancy as well as immune function. Learn more about vitamin B6 and how it affects your health.

Review Date: October 14, 2014

NIH Office of Dietary Supplements - ODS

Vitamin C: Quick Facts

Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, is a water-soluble nutrient found in citrus fruits, and in many other fruits and vegetables. Vitamin C also improves the absorption of iron from plant-based foods and helps the immune system work properly to protect the body from disease.

Review Date: December 01, 2014

NIH Office of Dietary Supplements - ODS

Vitamin D: Fact Sheet for Consumers

Find information about the recommended daily allowance of Vitamin D, and the foods that are rich sources of this vitamin.

Review Date: October 14, 2014

NIH Office of Dietary Supplements - ODS

Vitamin E: Fact Sheet for Consumers

How much Vitamin E do I need? What foods provide Vitamin E? What are some of the effects of Vitamin E on my health? Read on to find the answers to these, and other related questions.

Review Date: October 14, 2014

NIH Office of Dietary Supplements - ODS

Zinc: Fact Sheet for Consumers

How much zinc do I need? What foods provide zinc? Is it harmful to the body to have too much zinc? Find out the answers to these, and other questions about zinc.

Review Date: October 14, 2014

NIH Office of Dietary Supplements - ODS

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