This online document addresses the short and long-term effects of nicotine addiction and the smoking of cigarettes, cigars and pipes. The negative health consequences of using spit tobacco, snuff, clove cigarettes, bidis and hookahs (water pipes) are discussed as well.
Review Date: June 20, 2012
American Cancer Society
This document provides questions and answers on smokeless tobacco (snuff, dip and chewing tobacco). Related health risks are noted, and resources that can help you quit are provided.
Review Date: December 07, 2012
NIH National Cancer Institute