If you are a man age 65 to 75 and have ever smoked, talk with your doctor about your risk for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). If AAA isn't found and treated early, it can be deadly.
What is AAA?
The aorta (“ay-OAR-tah”) is your body’s main artery. An artery is a blood vessel (or tube) that carries blood from your heart. The aorta carries blood from your heart to your abdomen (belly), pelvis, and legs.
If the wall of your aorta is weak, it can swell like a balloon. This balloon-like swelling is called an aneurysm (“AN-yoor-izm”). AAA is an aneurysm that occurs in the part of the aorta running through the abdomen.
Learn more about AAA:
Why do I need to talk to the doctor?
Aneurysms usually grow slowly without any symptoms. When aneurysms grow large enough to burst (break open), they can cause dangerous bleeding inside the body and death.
If AAA is found early, it can be treated before it bursts. That’s why it’s so important to ask the doctor about your risk.
Here’s an example of what AAA does in the body:
Am I at risk for AAA?
Men over age 60 who have ever smoked are at greatest risk for AAA.
Other risk factors for AAA include:
How do I know if I have AAA?
There are usually no symptoms of AAA. Blood vessels like the aorta can swell up slowly over time. That’s why it’s important to talk with your doctor about AAA to see if you are at risk.
To check for AAA, your doctor may order an ultrasound test. An ultrasound uses sound waves to look inside the body. Most types of ultrasounds are painless.
If you have an aneurysm that starts to tear and cause bleeding, this is a medical emergency. You may suddenly have:
- Pain in your lower back, abdomen, or legs
- Nausea (feeling like you are going to throw up) and vomiting (throwing up)
- Clammy (sweaty) skin
You will need surgery right away.