Medical Ethics

NIH Office of Extramural Research

OER provides the corporate framework for NIH research administration, ensuring scientific integrity, public accountability, and effective stewardship of the NIH extramural research portfolio. Extramural grants account for approximately 83 percent of NIH's $30 billion budget. These are awarded to investigators throughout the U.S. and abroad. Approximately 10 percent of the NIH budget supports NIH intramural investigators, NIH staff who conduct research. OER supports extramural research by providing policy and guidance to the 24 NIH Institutes and Centers that award grants. OER serves as a vital interface between the NIH and the biomedical research community by guiding investigators through the process of attaining grants funding and helping them understand and navigate through federal policies and procedures.

Review Date: Wednesday, August 31, 2011

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Office of Human Research Protections, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

The Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) provides leadership in the protection of the rights, welfare, and wellbeing of subjects involved in research conducted or supported by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). OHRP is part of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health (OASH) in the Office of the Secretary (OS), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. OHRP provides clarification and guidance, develops educational programs and materials, maintains regulatory oversight, and provides advice on ethical and regulatory issues in biomedical and behavioral research. OHRP also supports the Secretary’s Advisory Committee on Human Research Protections (SACHRP) which advises the HHS Secretary on issues of human subject protections.

Review Date: Wednesday, August 17, 2011

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Office of Research Integrity, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

The Office of Research Integrity is responsible for protecting the integrity of PHS extramural and intramural research programs, with the exception of the regulatory research activities of the Food and Drug Administration. ORI carries out its responsibility by: developing and promulgating policies, procedures, rules and regulations; providing workshops, conferences, and educational materials on the responsible conduct of research and the promotion of research integrity; conducting (or funding) evaluations and research studies on research integrity and research misconduct; administering an assurances program; reviewing investigations conducted by applicant or awardee institutions; conducting investigations at applicant or awardee institutions and in the PHS intramural research programs; presenting misconduct findings in adminstrative hearings before the HHS Departmental Appeals Board (DAB); and promoting scientific integrity.

Review Date: Tuesday, October 06, 2015

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Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues

The Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues advises the President on bioethical issues that may emerge from advances in biomedicine and related areas of science and technology. The Commission works with the goal of identifying and promoting policies and practices that ensure scientific research, health care delivery, and technological innovation are conducted in an ethically responsible manner.

Review Date: Tuesday, December 16, 2008

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