The Basics: Overview
All pre-teens need to get the HPV vaccine series when they are age 11 or 12.
What is HPV?
HPV (human papillomavirus) is a very common infection can cause cancer. About 79 million people in the United States have HPV. That's about 1 out of 4 Americans.
HPV infections can cause:
- Cervical cancer
- Cancer inside the vagina (vaginal cancer) or outside the vagina (vulvar cancer)
- Cancer of the penis
- Cancer of the anus (anal cancer)
- Cancer of the back of the throat
- Warts in the genital area
The good news is that the HPV vaccine can prevent many of these health problems. Learn more about HPV.
The Basics: Recommended Ages
When does my child need to get the HPV vaccine?
Doctors recommend that both girls and boys get the HPV vaccine at age 11 or 12, though your child can get it as early as age 9. The HPV vaccine is given as a series of shots over several months.
Keep in mind that the HPV vaccine will work better if your child gets it at the recommended age instead of as an older teen. And – like with other shots – kids have the best protection when they get all the shots on schedule.
What if my child is older than age 12?
It’s not too late to protect your child. Teens and young adults through age 26 can still get HPV shots.
The Basics: Safety and Side Effects
Is the HPV vaccine safe?
Yes. The vaccine is very safe. It is recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the American Academy of Family Physicians, and the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Some pre-teens may faint from any shot, so it’s a good idea to have your child sit or lie down while receiving the shot – and for 15 minutes afterwards.
For more information about the HPV vaccine, check out:
What are the possible side effects of the HPV vaccine?
The most common side effects are pain, redness, or swelling near where the shot was given. Other common side effects are a low fever, nausea (upset stomach), headache, and feeling tired.