Diabetes (“dy-ah-BEE-teez”) is a chronic (long-term) disease. When you have diabetes, there’s too much glucose (sugar) in your blood. There’s more than 1 type of diabetes, but type 2 diabetes is the most common.
You are more likely to get type 2 diabetes if you are overweight and inactive, or if you have prediabetes. People with prediabetes have more glucose in their blood than normal, but not enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes can cause disability and death – but the good news is that you can do a lot to prevent or delay getting type 2 diabetes, including:
- Watching your weight
- Eating healthy
- Staying active
Talk with your doctor or nurse about steps you can take to prevent type 2 diabetes.
What do I ask the doctor?
It helps to have questions written down before your appointment. Print out this list of questions, and take it with you the next time you visit the doctor. Take notes to help you remember your doctor's answers.
- Am I at risk for prediabetes or type 2 diabetes?
- Do you recommend that I get tested for type 2 diabetes?
- Are there any warning signs of diabetes I should watch for?
- Does my weight put me at risk for type 2 diabetes?
- If I'm overweight, how many pounds do I need to lose to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes?
- How much physical activity should I get to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes?
- What changes can I make to my diet to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes?
- What are some healthy ways to lose weight and keep it off?
- What are my blood pressure numbers and cholesterol levels, and what should they be?
- Do my blood pressure numbers and cholesterol levels put me at risk for type 2 diabetes?
- Is there any information about preventing type 2 diabetes that I could take home?
- Are there any local diabetes prevention programs that you could recommend?