Get Your Child the HPV Vaccine

The Basics

The Basics: Overview

All pre-teens need to get the HPV vaccine series when they are age 11 or 12.

What is HPV?

HPV (human papillomavirus) is a very common infection that can cause cancer. Almost 80 million people in the United States have HPV. That's about 1 out of 4 Americans.

HPV infections can cause:

  • Cervical cancer
  • Cancer inside the vagina (vaginal cancer) or around the opening of the vagina (vulvar cancer)
  • Cancer of the penis
  • Cancer of the anus (anal cancer)
  • Cancer of the back of the throat (oropharynx cancer)
  • Warts in the genital area

The good news is that the HPV vaccine can prevent many of these health problems. Learn more about HPV.

Next section 1 of 5 sections

The Basics: Recommended Ages

When does my child need to get the HPV vaccine?

Doctors recommend that both girls and boys get the HPV vaccine at age 11 or 12, but your child can get it as early as age 9. The HPV vaccine is given as a series of 2 or 3 shots over several months.

Keep in mind that the HPV vaccine will work better if your child gets it at the recommended age instead of as an older teen. And – like with other shots – kids have the best protection when they get all their shots on schedule.

What if my child is older than age 12?

It’s not too late to protect your child. Teens who didn't get the HPV vaccine when they were younger can get it now.

Young adults can get the HPV shots, too. Women can get the HPV shot through age 26.

All men can get the HPV vaccine through age 21, and men who are at higher risk can get it through age 26. Men are at higher risk for HPV infection if they:

  • Have sex with men
  • Are transgender
  • Have HIV or a weakened immune system
Next section Previous section 2 of 5 sections

The Basics: Safety and Side Effects

Is the HPV vaccine safe?

Yes. The vaccine is very safe. It's recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the American Academy of Family Physicians, and the American Academy of Pediatrics. 

Some people may faint from getting any shot, so it’s a good idea to have your child sit or lie down while getting the shot – and for 15 minutes afterwards.

For more information about the HPV vaccine, check out:

What are the possible side effects of the HPV vaccine?

The most common side effects are pain, redness, or swelling near where the shot was given. Other common side effects are a low fever, nausea (upset stomach), headache, and feeling tired.

Next section Previous section 3 of 5 sections

Take Action!

Take Action: See a Doctor

Help protect your child’s health with the HPV vaccine. 

Schedule a wellness visit for your child.

The first HPV shot is usually given during your child’s yearly checkup at age 11 or 12. Remember, it’s always a good idea to check with your child’s doctor to make sure your child is getting all the recommended vaccines. Learn about other shots your pre-teen may need.

Make sure your child gets the shots at the recommended times.

It’s important for your child to get the HPV shots on schedule. To make sure you stay on track, schedule appointments for any remaining shots on the day that your child gets the first one. 

Next section Previous section 4 of 5 sections

Take Action: Cost and Insurance

What about cost?

Under the Affordable Care Act, the health care reform law passed in 2010, insurance plans must cover recommended shots for kids. This means you may be able to get your child's HPV vaccine at no cost to you.

Check with your insurance provider to find out what's included in your plan. For information about other services for children that are covered under the Affordable Care Act, visit

If you don't have insurance, your child can still get the HPV vaccine.

Previous section 5 of 5 sections